Arhivele Totalitarismului Totalitarianism Archives. Publishing House: Institutul National pentru Studiul Totalitarismului Subject(s): History Frequency: 4 issues. Arhivele Totalitarismului (Totalitarianism Archives) is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by the National Institute for the Study of Totalitarianism of the. CALL FOR PAPERS Arhivele Totalitarismului/Totalitarianism Archives Arhivele TotalitarismuluI/Totalitarianism Archives is a peer-reviewed academic journal.

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Radu Ciuceanudirector of the N. The Seal of the Devil The Katyn MassacresN. Although between November 15, 19 40 and August 23, 19 44 he was subordinated to his totalitarismlui, Eugen Cristescu, head of the Special Intelligence Service, their relations were strictly professional.

In June totalitagismului was sentenced in absentia to forced labor for life, for his alleged involvement in the Junemassacre of the Jews in Iasi.

He then worked as an unskilled laborer and died in anonymity in Gheorghe Cristescu, secret service, forced labor. On April 18, 19 45the Special Intelligence Service was transferred from the Ministry of War to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, and its personnel made the object of massive purges.

Until his death, he was marginalized, and his works were censored and removed from the academic circuit. Khrushchev a memorandum demanding the right to totalitarimului for Romanians in Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina and withdrawal of the Soviet troops from Romania.

He was arrested and imprisoned until January 1, 19 Then he was under house arrest in Sibiu. Ion Constantin — Ph. Maurer in the Paris antichamber: The author pursues to throw light on the mechanisms set in motion after the diplomatic negotiations, leading to rapprochement between Bucharest and Paris by the middle of the decade. The year was arhigele crucial moment for the Romanian-French rapprochement. The article focuses on arhive,e discussions that took place before the Romanian Prime Minister I.

This visit will influence positively totallitarismului dynamics of the relations between these two countries.

PhD candidate with a theme devoted to Romanian-Soviet relations between andunder the guidance of Marie-Pierre Rey. The Soviet armed intervention in Czechoslovakia in the night of August 20 to 21 upset international politics. Prague Spring, Soviet intervention.

Arhivele Totalitarismului

The Foreign Debt Crisis. Due to errors pertaining to internal economic strategy and to adverse external circumstances, in the late 70s and early 80s Romania grappled with a severe foreign debt crisis that could arhivel be surmounted by signing a 3-year standby agreement with the IMF in The external balance was restored in but the Ceausescu regime decided to pursue a policy of total repayment of the foreign debt.

This decision was underlain by ttotalitarismului bitter experience of and by fear that going on with totxlitarismului big foreign debt would have exerted external pressure hard to cope with. The all-out drive to repay the whole of the foreign debt deeply harmed the economy and, moreover, sacrificed the basic living conditions of the population, through shortages of food, heating and lighting and through restrictions that diminished their income arhivel the year, while also deteriorating health care and education.

Romaniacentralized economy, finance. After the collapse of Ttalitarismului the public opinion was revealed the terrible crimes of an regime which called itself profoundly humanitarian.

The first years after were characterized by an affluence of publications — many former political prisoners wrote their memoires – documentary movies, recordings of oral history.

This study critically analizes the different numbers of the victims of the Communist regime that all these sources give for real. Although good intentioned, trying to establish a number of the casualties was proved to be very difficult especially when approaches of different authours led to exagerations that threatened to make less credible the real number of the casualties.


Florian Banu is Ph. Communist regime, victims, Securitate documents. The study analyses the evolution of Russian historiography afterfocusing on two subjects that were approached differently and made the object of many studies: The author also approaches the fact that a certain disproportion of the chronological dimension has totalitarismulki been overcome yet, which is visible in the much more intense scrutiny of the s and particularly the s and s. Russian historiography, Cold War, Stalinism.

Arhivele Totalitarismului: CALL FOR PAPERS

In this article we present a document, an autobiography written by Radu Gyr while he was imprisoned, being sentenced to death. Scientific researcher with the N. The political context of the end of was dominated by anti-Semitic hysteria. The situation of the Jewish minorities from Eastern Europe was dramatic.

The tone used by Cornel Bogdan, at the arhivrle of his diplomatic carrier, exemplifies a vindictive rhetoric caused by an external and internal political context which was extremely ambiguous and fluctuating.

Arhivele Totalitarismului: AT – Abstracts

Mioara AntonPh. Romanian Intellectuals in the Communism ArchivesNemiraco-author. Only inwhen Gomulka came to Bucharestwas that chilling reversed. The documents continue the series of historical accounts of the final totalitariskului of collectivisation of agriculture between and In that case, the abuses are objectively reflected by documents from Moldavia. Octavian RoskePh. Repressive Mechanisms in Romania The Romanian high official pointed out the issue of Romania ‘s neutrality in case of nuclear conflict between the two super-powers.

Eugen Barbu and Alexandru Andritoiu in China Over May 30 — June 31, writers Eugen Barbu and Alexandru Andritoiu visited Chinawhere their less orthodox behavior caused discontent both among the hosts and at the Romanian diplomatic office in Beijing. They asked, for instance, to travel to such forbidden areas as the Tibet. Problems of the Romanian Language and Literature in Chisinau, Vasile Buga is Ph. The Fall of the Empire. Moldoveneasca, ideology, Romanian propaganda. On March 12 19 59in the main hall of Student House in Cotroceni district, professors Dionisie Pippidi, Mihai Berza and Ion Nestor from the Faculty of History were exposed before a specially convened meeting, starting from their refusal to sign a message in favor of the Greek communist Manolis Glezos.

As he sided with his professors, student Razvan Theodorescu was in his turn exposed three weeks later, being accused of conciliatoriness, anti-Sovietism, membership in a spiritualist group, elitism and so on. Raz van Theodorescu — Historian, member of the Romanian Academy. Those criticized at the time included Ion Iliescu, accused of intellectualist tendencies.

Ion Iliescu — president of Romania, As the representatives of the working masses, these gatherings of employees industrial, agricultural and commercial workers, engineers, desk clerks, teachers etc. Romanian Intellectuals in the Communist ArchivesNemiraco-author. Graduated from the Faculty of History at Bucharest University.

He was put on trial and the Military Court in Timisoara sentenced him, on December 6, 19 49to two years in reformative prison, but he was imprisoned for 5 years at Aiud, Jilava and Targsor. He spent two months in room 4 of the prison sickbay where, at age 21, his hair turned completely white.

An inmate at the Bicaz prison camp for two years, after a short stay at Onesti, he was moved to the Borzesti prison camp in the autumn of wherefrom he was released on May 21, 19 He was then under house arrest at Caransebes. He managed to pass his school-leaving examination and to be admitted at the Philology Faculty in Iasiopen learning, graduating in He was a teacher for 30 years.


While a high school student, he enrolled in the youth organization of the Legionary Movement. He was sentenced to eight years of hard prison. Gheorghe Calciu spent the following years at Casimca Jilavei and Aiud. After his release, he graduated from the Faculty of Theology and was hired at the Theological Seminary in Bucharest.

As a result on June 15 his employment contract was severed. Romanian Intellectuals in the Communist ArchivesNemira, co-author. Gheorghe Calciu-Dumitreasa, dissidence, reeducation, religion, repression. Coming from a family of old Socialist and Communist militants, Paul Niculescu-Mizil was promoted by Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej in the higher party and state ranks. After the IX-th R. Congress Mizil got promoted in the highest party position but soon he became undesirable due to his lack of obediency.

After he was very active by writing many article and memory books. MA in History, University of Bucharest. Radu Ciuceanupresident of the N. The Artist, volume I, N. However, these preliminary statements remain somehow general when it comes to ascertain the explicit relationship of politics and religion in Romanian fascism. One more specific approach to this issue could at first sight be to clarify the complex personal links between the Romanian clergy and the Legionary Movement.

The other certainly more rewarding way to illuminate this reciprocal affinity between politics and religion is rather to ascertain, to what extent Romanian fascism as a whole developed pseudo- religious claims and if these claims entered into a conflict with the Orthodox Church. The author starts by discussing the capacity and limits of current political religion theories.

Romanian fascist movement, ideology. The road to truth about Katyn was extremely difficult, as the Soviet authorities, the secret services and the institutions they controlled did their best to wipe away all traces of the crimes and preclude the identification of those who had ordered and performed the assassinations. They concealed, destroyed and faked evidence, denying any afhivele and facts.

Because for a long time, it was not possible in that country to further try to establish the truth, the Polish exiles took over totalltarismului task.

Totalirarismului after the collapse of the USSR could the archives of the former Soviet Union be actually accessed and the first investigations be made into the crimes of Katyn. Totalitarismulu years after the fall of Communism, many aspects related aruivele the destinies of the Poles killed in the spring of are still obscure.

Ion Constantin is Ph. For the Iron-Guardist Movement, the Communist — Legionary Pact was a desperate attempt of the legionary group led from inside by Nicoale Petrascu and orchestrated from exile by Horia Sima, an attempt to continue the fight for power under the cover of the Romanian Communist Party. For the Romanian Communist Party and its representatives, who had already taken the power on March 6th, through the Petru Groza Government, it was an opportunity to have some agents infiltrated in order to find and arrest the legionnaires.

After March 9th,the repression against LM reached its most violent form of manifestation. Security and defence in the European Unionco-author.